Climate Variability, Land Ownership and Migration: Evidence from Thailand about Gender Impacts


Curran, Sara R., and Jacqueline Meijer-Irons. 2014. "Climate Variability, Land Ownership and Migration: Evidence from Thailand About Gender Impacts." Washington Journal of Environmental Law & Policy 4 (1): 37-74.

Authors: Sara R. Curran, Jacqueline Meijer-Irons


Scholars point to climate change, often in the form of more frequent and severe drought, as a potential driver of migration in the developing world, particularly for places where populations rely on agriculture for their livelihoods. To date, however, there have been few large-scale, longitudinal studies that explore the relationship between climate change and migration. This study significantly extends current scholarship by evaluating distinctive effects of climatic variation and models these effects on men’s and women’s responsiveness to drought and rainfall. Our study also investigates how land ownership moderates these effects. We find small, but significant, increases in migration above existing migratory levels during periods of prolonged climatic stress, and that these patterns differ both by gender and land tenure.

Topics: Agriculture, Displacement & Migration, Climate Displacement, Environment, Climate Change, Gender, Land Tenure, Livelihoods Regions: Asia, Southeast Asia Countries: Thailand

Year: 2014

© 2023 CONSORTIUM ON GENDER, SECURITY & HUMAN RIGHTSLEGAL STATEMENT All photographs used on this site, and any materials posted on it, are the property of their respective owners, and are used by permission. Photographs: The images used on the site may not be downloaded, used, or reproduced in any way without the permission of the owner of the image. Materials: Visitors to the site are welcome to peruse the materials posted for their own research or for educational purposes. These materials, whether the property of the Consortium or of another, may only be reproduced with the permission of the owner of the material. This website contains copyrighted materials. The Consortium believes that any use of copyrighted material on this site is both permissive and in accordance with the Fair Use doctrine of 17 U.S.C. § 107. If, however, you believe that your intellectual property rights have been violated, please contact the Consortium at