Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptation in Vietnam from a Gender Perspective: A Case Study of Northern Province of Vietnam

Citation:

Nong, Ha Thi Thuy, Christopher Gan, and Baiding Hu. 2020. “Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptation in Vietnam from a Gender Perspective: A Case Study of Northern Province of Vietnam.” International Journal of Social Economics 47 (8): 953–72.

Authors: Ha Thi Thuy Nong, Christopher Gan, Baiding Hu

Abstract:

Purpose – This study analyses climate change vulnerability and adaptation in a northern province in Vietnam from the gender perspective.
 
Design/methodology/approach – A survey questionnaire was used to collect data for the study. The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) was calculated for 134 female and 239 male-headed households. Descriptive statistics were synthesized to investigate climate change adaptation from the gender perspective.
 
Findings – The results show that the LVI of female-headed households is higher than male-headed households, but the variation is negligible. In addition, female and male farmers in the study area use different methods to adapt to climate change. Female farmers have critically contributed to the family workforce and climate change adaptation. Nevertheless, female farmers have less accessibility to agricultural services such as training and credit.
 
Research limitations/implications – The study suggests that gendered interventions for improvement of livelihood to adapt to climate change should be developed for each aspect of the livelihood. Furthermore, enhancement of services for women and recognition of women’s roles in responding to climate change would contribute to more active adaptation to climate change.
 
Originality/value – Studies on climate change from the gender perspective in Vietnam have been conducted on a limited scale. Particularly, there are very limited studies on climate change in association with gender issue in North Vietnam. Thus, this study will provide more insights into the gender dimension of climate change vulnerability and adaptation so that gender-based adaptation strategies can be developed.

Keywords: climate change, vulnerability, adaptation, gender, livelihood, Northern Vietnam

Topics: Agriculture, Environment, Climate Change, Gender, Households, Livelihoods Regions: Asia, Southeast Asia Countries: Vietnam

Year: 2020

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