For Better or Worse? Gender and Perceptions of Formal and Informal Justice Systems in Afghanistan


Manganaro, Lynne L., and Amy L. Poland. 2012. “For Better or Worse? Gender and Perceptions of Formal and Informal Justice Systems in Afghanistan.” Women & Criminal Justice 22 (1): 2–29. doi:10.1080/08974454.2012.636287.

Authors: Lynne L. Manganaro, Amy L. Poland


We draw on survey data from a national probability sample of 6,406 Afghan adults (aged 18 years and older) to explore gender differences in the perceptions of formal and informal justice systems. The study utilizes binary logistic regression to probe whether men and women differ in their attitudes and the extent to which other factors may mediate both within and across ethnic group differences. We find that women have more confidence in the formal system than their male counterparts, whereas the opposite is true for the informal system. The scholarly and policy implications of these results are discussed.

Keywords: Afghanistan, court systems, gender differences, justice, Muslim women

Topics: Gender, Women, Men, Justice Regions: Asia, South Asia Countries: Afghanistan

Year: 2012

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