Area- and Gender-Based Commuting Differentials in India’s Largest Urban-Rural Region


Korzhenevych, Artem, and Manisha Jain. 2018. “Area- and Gender-Based Commuting Differentials in India’s Largest Urban-Rural Region.” Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment 63 (August): 733–46.

Authors: Artem Korzhenevych, Manisha Jain


In the countries of the Global South such as India, rapid urbanization and the increase in individual motorization may lead to a predominance of unsustainable commuting patterns. However, urbanization also has important positive effects, including the empowerment of women. This paper examines newly released, spatially disaggregated data on home-to-work commuting by non-agricultural workers in the National Capital Region of India. It aims to understand and compare commuting patterns in urban and rural areas, including choice of travel modes, commuting distances, and gender differentials.
The results reveal a tendency observable in urban residents to use individual motorized transport more often both for short and for long trips, although the proportion of individual motorization is far from what it is in the industrial world. Rural areas are characterized by the predominance of non-motorized travel modes and a large share of long trips. The mobility gap between men and women does not appear to increase with literacy. In urban areas, women often choose to commute by car rather than using green modes of transportation (especially in higher-income districts). The paper stresses the importance of the area and gender differentials that need to be taken into account when formulating regional transport policies.

Keywords: commuting, India, gender differentials, rural- urban area, spatial regressions


Topics: Gender, Women, Infrastructure, Transportation Regions: Asia, South Asia Countries: India

Year: 2018

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