Bibliographic Resources

The goal of the Consortium on Gender, Security and Human Rights’ Bibliographic Resources Project is to provide the policy, activist and scholarly communities with access to the findings of the burgeoning academic research in this field. We hope that by providing easier access to the findings of scholarly research, we can:

  • help foster better-informed policymaking;
  • support and inform women activists and NGOs;
  • support innovative research by providing resources for researchers in conflict-afflicted areas who often lack access to the kinds of scholarly resources readily available in well-funded educational institutions.

Some of our bibliographies address topics that are currently at the center of international policy agendas and civil society concern, such as “conflict-related sexual violence”; others attempt to help move the “gender, peace and security” agenda forward by focusing on more cutting-edge topics we think worthy of increased attention, such as feminist analysis of the political-economic dimensions of peacebuilding.

If you are familiar with resources which you think should be included in one of our bibliographic resources, please submit the citation, or, better yet, an annotation, and we will add it to the bibliography, with your name as reviewer.

 

The Consortium on Gender, Security and Human Rights created this bibliography to provide a guide to the landscape of research-based knowledge of LGBTQ+ people in militaries, wars and post-war settings.The existing literature on LGBTQ+ people and armed conflict divides roughly into two categories. The first, and the focus of much of the academic research, concerns LGBTQ+ individuals’ experiences serving in state militaries. Much of this research addresses the United States military’s “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” policy, but the policies of and experiences in other countries are examined as well. While some of the literature focuses on the experiences of LGBTQ+ service members themselves, including the complex ways they are impacted by militaries’ longtime dependence on and production of specific ideas about gender, other literature focuses on military institutions, addressing the imagined and actual impacts of LGBTQ+ inclusive policies on operational effectiveness and unit cohesion.The second focus concerns the experiences of civilian LGBTQ+ people in war and postwar settings. Here, the existing literature examines issues such as: the persecution of LGBTQ+ individuals (for example, in Colombia, Iraq, and Russia); homophobic sexual violence and torture committed against men; and the experiences of LGBTQ+ refugees and asylumseekers. Academic research on this topic is still relatively scarce. Therefore, although Consortium bibliographies are primarily focused on academic research, in this case we have decided to include sections for non-academic resources including reports from human rights organizations, newspaper articles, and blog posts.Entries in this bibliography include citations, and, insofar as possible, abstracts or summaries. Books usually are only briefly summarized, but often include the table of contents.
Topics
LGBTQ, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Post-Conflict

El Consorcio sobre el Género, la Seguridad y los Derechos Humanos (The Consortium on Gender, Security and Human Rights) creó esta bibliografía para ofrecer un guía al panorama del conocimiento basado en la investigación sobre los derechos a la tierra, el despojo y el género. Nuestro objetivo es dar acceso mejorado a los hallazgos de la investigación académica a las comunidades políticas, activistas y académicas; por eso, generalmente no figuran aquí las fuentes extensivas y valiosas producidas por agencias políticas, ONGs y organizaciones internacionales.Esta bibliografía contiene fuentes en español; además, existe una bibliografía de fuentes en inglés en nuestro sitio web. Los asientos bibliográficos contienen citaciones y, en la medida en que sea posible, resúmenes. Cuando la fuente ofreció una traducción en inglés o en portugués del resumen, la incluimos aquí palabra por palabra***The Consortium on Gender, Security and Human Rights created this bibliography to provide a guide to the landscape of research on land rights, dispossession and gender. Our goal is to provide the policy, activist and scholarly communities with improved access to the findings of academic research; therefore, extensive and valuable sources produced by political agencies, NGOs and international organizations are generally not listed here.
This bibliography contains Spanish resources; additionally, there is a bibliography of English resources on our website.
Topics
Gender, Land Grabbing, Land Tenure, Rights, Land Rights

In the Consortium’s view, “gender,” in policy communities, is too often taken to simply mean “women,” neglecting both gendered power relations and men and masculinities.  This annotated bibliography aims to facilitate a conversation on gender and armed conflict that examines men and masculinities, as well as the structural differences in power that shape how both men and women participate in war and peacebuilding. Its topics include peacekeeping, militarism, sexualities, sexual violence against men, occupation and imperialism, nationalism, small arms, disarmament, demobilization and reintegration, post-conflict reconstruction, warrior culture, and male youth.The Consortium on Gender, Security and Human Rights created this Annotated Bibliography to provide a guide to the landscape of academic research on masculinities and armed conflict; the principal research for it was done by Rachel Brown with additional contributions by Will Bayliss. This bibliography is by no means an exhaustive listing. We have focused on the academic literature, so most of the numerous publications originating from within the policy and NGO communities have not been included here. This bibliography is also limited to articles published in English.Insofar as possible, entries includes citations, published abstracts, quotations of key sentences (indicated in quotation marks, and followed by page number) and additional annotations by the interns who worked on this bibliography, and URLs for articles that are available on line. Books usually are only briefly summarized, often with the table of contents included.This annotated bibliography is meant to introduce readers to the landscape of academic research and debate in this field, and to help support the reader in her or his own research. Despite the inclusion of quotations and page numbers in the annotations, we strongly advise the reader not to quote directly from this document, but rather to use it to direct you to the literature that will be of use to you.
Topics
Armed Conflict, Combatants, DDR, Gender, Masculinity/ies, Men, Women, Gender-Based Violence, Gendered Power Relations, LGBTQ, Militaries, Militarization, Non-State Armed Groups, Peacekeeping, Post-Conflict Reconstruction, Sexual Violence, Male Perpetrators, Rape, Sexual Exploitation and Abuse, SV against Men, SV against Women, Sexuality, Sexual Torture, Weapons /Arms

“Gendering peacekeeping” means more than bringing women into peacekeeping military and civilian police units. This literature review surveys the academic literature on masculinities and peacekeeping; it is part of the Consortium’s larger project on masculinities and armed conflict.The Consortium on Gender, Security and Human Rights created this Literature Review to provide a guide to the landscape of academic research on masculinities and peacekeeping; the principal research for it was done by Rachel Brown. This literature review is by no means an exhaustive listing. We have focused on the academic literature, so most of the numerous publications originating from within the policy and NGO communities have not been included here. This bibliography is also limited to articles published in English.Insofar as possible, entries includes citations, published abstracts, quotations of key sentences (indicated in quotation marks, and followed by page number) and additional annotations by the interns who worked on this bibliography, and URLs for articles that are available on line. Books usually are only briefly summarized, often with the table of contents included.This literature review is meant to introduce readers to the landscape of academic research and debate in this field, and to help support the reader in her or his own research. Despite the inclusion of quotations and page numbers in the annotations, we strongly advise the reader not to quote directly from this document, but rather to use it to direct you to the literature that will be of use to you.
Topics
Gender, Masculinity/ies, Men, Peacekeeping, Sexuality

The Consortium on Gender, Security and Human Rights created this bibliography to provide a guide to the landscape of academic research on masculinities, the environment, and feminist critiques of technological “solutions” to the climate crisis. Although Consortium bibliographies are primarily focused on academic research, in this case we have decided to include sections for non-academic resources, including the Carnegie Climate Governance Initiative.   Part I of the bibliography centers on academic and non-academic literature linking masculinities and the environment, including both sources specifically concerned with the climate crisis and those related to nature and the environment more broadly. A prominent theme addressed in this section is the notion of hegemonic masculinity as a barrier to addressing climate breakdown and other ecological crises, whether through hegemonic masculinity’s close relationship with climate denialism, heavy-carbon industries or the capitalist prioritization of profit over people and planet.   Part II of the bibliography focuses on technological “solutions” to the climate crisis. It houses three sub-sections: academic feminist analyses; non-academic feminist analyses; and analyses that are not explicitly feminist or gender-focused but share or inform many feminist critiques, such as Indigenous, human rights, and post-colonial approaches. Sources in Part II discuss not only the meager representation of marginalized identities within burgeoning technological “solutions” to the climate crisis, but the patriarchal, racist, neo-colonial, and capitalist knowledge production processes and discourses that underpin these technological “solutions.”   This is one of several bibliographies the Consortium has created related to gender and the environment. Other bibliographies focusing on the intersection of gender and the climate crisis include bibliographies on Feminist Political Ecology; Environmental Disasters; Feminist Engagement with Green New Deals and Green Growth Agendas; and The Climate Crisis: Gendered Impacts, Women’s Agency, and Feminist Analyses.   Consortium interns Josie Abugov and Isabelle Scarborough undertook the principal research for this bibliography, with additional contributions from Consortium staff members. Entries include citations and, insofar as possible, abstracts or summaries. If you are familiar with additional resources that you think should be included in the next draft of this bibliography and/or in the Consortium’s Research Hub, please send us the citation, and, if possible, the PDF. Resources can be submitted through our website at: http://genderandsecurity.org/projects-resources/bibliographic-resources.   This bibliography was created by the Consortium on Gender, Security and Human Rights, as part of our Feminist Roadmap for Sustainable Peace and Planet (FRSPP) project. The FRSPP starts with the perception that postwar transitions and the sustainability of peace itself are often undermined by transitional political economic actors and processes. Its goal is to provide: forward-looking expert knowledge of those processes; analyses of their impacts on gender relations and other structural inequalities underlying armed conflicts; and recommendations for how to engage and modify those processes to be more supportive of the societal transformations critical to building gender-equitable, sustainable peace. Topics addressed in the FRSPP include, inter alia: the economic recovery policy prescriptions of international financial institutions; extractives; land rights, large scale land acquisition and land grabbing; infrastructure reconstruction; and climate disruption.
Topics
Environment, Climate Change, Gender, Masculinity/ies, Rights, Human Rights, Indigenous Rights

Abu Graib-related revelations about the US military’s use of shame and humiliation prompted the Consortium to examine the assumptions upon which that tactic is based.  This annotated bibliography was created by Consortium intern Emily Parker, who later moved to Tunisia to work as an editor and writer for a start-up online Tunisian news agency, reporting on major events shaping the future of post-revolutionary Tunisia.This bibliography is by no means an exhaustive listing. We have focused on the academic literature, so most of the numerous publications originating from within the policy and NGO communities have not been included here. This bibliography is also limited to articles published in English.Insofar as possible, entries includes citations, published abstracts, quotations of key sentences (indicated in quotation marks, and followed by page number) and additional annotations by the interns who worked on this bibliography, and URLs for articles that are available on line. Books usually are only briefly summarized, often with the table of contents included.This annotated bibliography is meant to introduce readers to the landscape of academic research and debate in this field, and to help support the reader in her or his own research. Despite the inclusion of quotations and page numbers in the annotations, we strongly advise the reader not to quote directly from this document, but rather to use it to direct you to the literature that will be of use to you. 
Topics
Armed Conflict, Gender, Boys, Masculinity/ies, Men, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Militaries, Sexuality, Sexual Torture
Regions
Africa, MENA, Asia, Middle East
Countries
Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine / Occupied Palestinian Territories, United States of America

O Consórcio sobre o Gênero, a Seguridade e os Direitos Humanos (The Consortium on Gender, Security and Human Rights) criou esta bibliografia para oferecer um guia ao panorama do conhecimento baseado na pesquisa sobre os direitos à terra e o gênero. Nosso objetivo é dar acesso melhorado aos resultados da pesquisa acadêmica às comunidades políticas, ativistas y acadêmicas; por isso, geralmente não aparecem aqui as fontes extensas y valiosas produzidas por agencias políticas, ONGs e organizações internacionais.Esta bibliografia contém fontes em português; além disso, existe bibliografias de fontes em inglês e em espanhol em nosso sítio web. As entradas bibliográficas contêm citações e, na medida em que seja possível, resumos. Quando a fonte oferece uma tradução do resumo para inglês ou espanhol, a incluímos aqui palavra por palavra.De este momento, a pesquisa histórica foca no papel de mulheres nos movimentos para reforma de terra e sindicatos. Além disso, estudos analisam como os movimentos defenderam mulheres e como os resultados variaram por gênero. Adicionalmente a pesquisa averigua a desigualdade de hoje, no qual os homens dominam o mercado e têm a maioridade dos posses de terra. Diferenças legais e de finança e normas culturais evitam igualdade de gênero. Devido a isso, muitos estudos comentam no fenômeno de migração de mulheres para cidades fora do campo. A informação dentro desta bibliografia explora esses tópicos.***The Consortium on Gender, Security and Human Rights created this bibliography to provide a guide to the landscape of research on land rights and gender. Our goal is to provide the policy, activist and scholarly communities with improved access to the findings of academic research; therefore, the extensive and valuable sources produced by political agencies, NGOs, and international organizations generally do not appear here.This bibliography contains sources in Portuguese. In addition, there are bibliographies of sources in English and Spanish on our website. The bibliographic entries contain citations and, insofar as possible, abstracts or summaries. When the source offers an English translation of the abstract, we include it word-for-word here.This bibliography contains sources in Portuguese. In addition, there are bibliographies of sources in English and Spanish on our website.
Topics
Gender, Land Grabbing, Land Tenure, Rights, Land Rights

The Consortium on Gender, Security and Human Rights created this bibliography to provide a guide to the landscape of research-based gendered analysis of Private Military and Security Companies (PMSCs). PMSCs are private companies that offer services including the armed or unarmed guarding of personnel and assets, intelligence, military support and logistics, and security training, typically outside of their home states. The services that PMSCs offer have traditionally been within the purview of the state; the privatization of war and conflict alters the relationship between states and their citizens and changes the nature of state and human security.States, international organizations, and private clients have become increasingly reliant on services provided by PMSCs since the Cold War, and with their growing role in the security sector have come critical questions about their obligations to respect – and their position under – international humanitarian law and human rights law, as well as about regulations for the industry. Gendered analyses of and perspectives on PMSC operations and regulations are critical to any effort to enhance the accountability of this sector. Gendered analyses of PMSCs will provide policy-makers with a more comprehensive understanding of both how gender shapes the ways PMSCs operate and are regulated, as well as PMSCs’ gendered impacts.The research in this bibliography covers the following areas: women’s participation in PMSCs; the gendered threats to human security of PMSC operations; gender and racial hierarchies within the industry; the intersection of militarism, masculinism and the neoliberal market; and the hypermasculinization of the industry.
Topics
Gender, Masculinity/ies, Women, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Private Military & Security, Race, Security, Human Security

The Consortium on Gender, Security and Human Rights created this bibliography to provide a guide to the landscape of gendered research on roads, transportation, and mobility. Our goal is to bring together sources useful in thinking about how to rebuild physical infrastructure in postwar countries in ways that will contribute to gender-just sustainable peace. Because the literature explicitly linking gender analysis of roads, transportation, and mobility with postwar settings is still quite sparse, this bibliography casts a wider net.The sources we have chosen explore issues we think are important to address as part of postwar reconstruction, even though the authors are frequently not focused on postwar contexts at all. Thus, the research herein addresses issues related to: difficulties that women and children face when they live in communities that are inaccessible by main roads and highways; the ways that transportation infrastructure projects are affected by the inclusion or exclusion of gender considerations; and the impacts of policy, culture, and safety on women’s mobility.Although Consortium bibliographies are primarily focused on academic research, in this case we have decided to include sections for non-academic resources, including newspaper articles, blog posts, and reports from non-governmental and human rights organizations. Thus, the bibliography is divided into three core topics—roads, transportation, and mobility—and within each, there are separate sections for academic and non-academic sources.This bibliography was created by the Consortium on Gender, Security and Human Rights, as part of our Feminist Roadmap for Sustainable Peace and Planet (FRSPP) project. The FRSPP focuses on the transnational economic actors and processes that tend to deepen the inequalities that underlie armed conflicts and to undermine the prospects for peace that is both politically and environmentally sustainable. Its goal is to provide: forward-looking expert knowledge of those processes; analyses of their impacts on gender relations and other structural inequalities underlying armed conflicts; and recommendations for how to engage and modify those processes to be more supportive of the societal transformations critical to building gender-equitable, sustainable peace. Topics addressed in the FRSPP include, inter alia: the economic recovery policy prescriptions of international financial institutions; extractive industries and natural resource policy; land rights, large scale land acquisition and land grabbing; infrastructure reconstruction; and climate disruption.
Topics
Gender, Women, Infrastructure, Transportation, Post-Conflict, Post-Conflict Reconstruction

Conflict-related sexual violence is a topic which is at the heart of current policy and practice in the international ‘women, peace and security’ community.  This annotated bibliography includes research on sexual violence against both women and men, as well as both men and women as perpetrators of sexual violence.This bibliography is by no means an exhaustive listing. We have focused on the academic literature, so most of the numerous publications originating from within the policy and NGO communities have not been included here. This bibliography is also limited to articles published in English.Insofar as possible, entries includes citations, published abstracts, quotations of key sentences (indicated in quotation marks, and followed by page number) and additional annotations by the interns who worked on this bibliography, and URLs for articles that are available on line. Books usually are only briefly summarized, often with the table of contents included.This annotated bibliography is meant to introduce readers to the landscape of academic research and debate in this field, and to help support the reader in her or his own research. Despite the inclusion of quotations and page numbers in the annotations, we strongly advise the reader not to quote directly from this document, but rather to use it to direct you to the literature that will be of use to you.
Topics
Armed Conflict, Gender, Boys, Femininity/ies, Girls, Masculinity/ies, Men, Women, Gender-Based Violence, Gendered Power Relations, Health, Sexual Violence, Female Perpetrators, Male Perpetrators, Rape, Sexual Exploitation and Abuse, SV against Men, SV against Women

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