Ecofeminism in a World of BRICS: Opportunities and Challenges


Dellios, Rosita, Arundhati Bhattacharyya, and Cindy Minarova-Banjac. 2019. “Ecofeminism in a World of BRICS: Opportunities and Challenges.” Culture Mandala 13 (2): 1-18.

Authors: Rosita Dellios, Arundhati Bhattacharyya, Cindy Minarova-Banjac


While feminism and environmentalism have long and illustrious histories in the annals of social movements, together they are less well recognised or understood beyond the academic community. Far from being an eclectic intersection of interests between women and the environment, ‘ecofeminism’ holds a wider significance for integrative sustainable development in the coming decades. This is especially so when viewed from the Global South and its ‘rising powers’, three of which – China, India and Brazil – form case studies in this article. Will the developing world, in the course of its development and especially under China’s influence, advance or squander the opportunity for an ecofeminist contribution to a better world order? Policy implications derived from this study call for a cross-sector approach that includes culture and religion. These challenge the limitations of binary thinking and promote interconnectedness.

Keywords: ecofeminism, sustainable development, culture, global south, BRICS

Topics: Development, Environment, Feminisms, Ecofeminism Regions: Africa, Southern Africa, Americas, South America, Asia, East Asia, South Asia, Europe Countries: Brazil, China, India, Russian Federation, South Africa

Year: 2019

Women's Participation in Green Growth - A Potential Fully Realised?


Von Hagen, Markéta, and Johanna Willems. 2012. "Women's Participation in Green Growth - A Potential Fully Realised?" Donor Committee for Enterprise Development.

Authors: Markéta von Hagen, Johanna Willems


The purpose of the study is threefold: (1) to shed more light on the gender dimension of green growth, especially in the context of private sector development and thereby fill an important knowledge gap in the green growth discourse; (2) to validate women’s contributions to green growth and sustainable private sector development; and (3) ultimately to promote women’s empowerment and gender equality. The overall approach of the study combines three intersecting perspectives, which are dealt with independently as well as in tandem: a gender perspective with a focus on the (potential) participation of women, a greening perspective and a private sector development perspective. The study contains case studies from Brazil, Ecuador, Egypt, India, Philippines, South Africa, Uganda and Vietnam. (Summary from Green Growth Knowledge Platform)
Table of Contents:
1. Introduction
2. Factors Influencing Women's Participation in Green Growth
3. Making Women's Participation in Green Growth a Reality: Two Value Chain Examples
4. Assessment of Potentials, Risks and Relevant Approaches for Women's Participation in the Green Economy
5. Recommendations

Topics: Development, Economies, Ecological Economics, Gender, Women, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality Regions: Africa, MENA, East Africa, North Africa, Southern Africa, Americas, South America, Asia, Middle East, South Asia, Southeast Asia Countries: Brazil, Ecuador, Egypt, India, Philippines, South Africa, Uganda, Vietnam

Year: 2012

Women's Resistance in Violent Settings: Infrapolitical Strategies in Brazil and Colombia


Veillette, Anne-Marie, and Priscyll Anctil Avoine. 2020. "Women’s Resistance in Violent Settings: Infrapolitical Strategies in Brazil and Colombia." In Re-writing Women as Victims: From Theory to Practice, edited by María José Gámez Fuentes, Sonia Núñez Puente, and Emma Gómez Nicolau, 53-67. New York: Routledge. 

Authors: Anne-Marie Veillete, Priscyll Anctil Avoine


The reflections compiled in this chapter emerge from two fieldwork investigations conducted in Brazil (2016) and Colombia (2015) (Anctil Avoine, 2017; Veillette, 2018). The first one, carried out in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro, aims at understanding and analysing the nature and the impacts of police violence, as well as resistances emerging in this context, based on women’s testimonies. The second one has been implemented in collaboration with the Colombian Agency for Reintegration and pursued the objective of analysing the narratives of female ex-combatants in order to propose new strategies for gender perspectives in reintegration. In both cases, women are confronted with high levels of violence, oppression and forms of marginalisation: however, they challenge the traditional view of women as victims in these contexts as they develop their own strategies for survival and political action.

Topics: Combatants, Female Combatants, Gender, Women, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Livelihoods, Post-Conflict, Violence Regions: Americas, South America Countries: Brazil, Colombia

Year: 2020

Investigating Gender-Based Violence in Transitional Justice Context: The Case of Brazil


Gabyshev, Vladimir, Galina Nelaeva, Natalia Sidorova, and Elena Khabarova. 2019. "Investigating Gender-Based Violence in Transitional Justice Context: The Case of Brazil." Latinskaia Amerika, no. 8, 35-46.

Authors: Vladimir Gabyshev, Galina Nelaeva, Natalia Sidorova, Elena Khabarova


The concept “transitional justice” is usually applied in the context of post-conflict resolution or transition from authoritarian regime to democracy. There is a whole range of various judicial and non-judicial mechanisms that are applied in the process of transitional justice that may include lustration, public apology, restitution of property, as well as formal judicial processes. Among the instruments of transitional justice are truth commissions (truth and reconciliation commissions). This article examines the activities of Brazilian National Truth Commission (2011) with a view to examine the gender dimension of its work. It is no secret that gender-based violence in the post-conflict settings often remains an overlooked phenomenon.

Keywords: transitional justice, truth and reconciliation commissions, gender-based violence, reconciliation

Topics: Gender, Gender-Based Violence, Justice, Transitional Justice, TRCs, Post-Conflict Regions: Americas, South America Countries: Brazil

Year: 2019

Transitional Justice in South Africa and Brazil: Introducing a Gendered Approach to Reconciliation


Nelaeva, Galina, and Natalia Sidorova. 2019. "Transitional Justice in South Africa and Brazil: Introducing a Gendered Approach to Reconciliation." BRICS Law Journal 6 (2): 82-107.

Authors: Galina Nelaeva, Natalia Sidorova


The concept of transitional justice has been associated with the periods of political change when a country emerges from a war or turmoil and attempts to address the wrongdoings of the past. Among various instruments of transitional justice, truth commissions stand out as an example of a non-judicial form of addressing the crimes of the past. While their setup and operation can be criticized on different grounds, including excessive politization of hearings and the virtual impossibility of meaningfully assessing their impact, it has been widely acknowledged in the literature that the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa can be regarded as a success story due to its relatively strong mandate and widespread coverage and resonance it had in South African society. We would like to compare this commission from the 1990s with a more recent example, the Brazilian National Truth Commission, so as to be able to address the question of incorporation of gendered aspects in transitional justice (including examination of sexual violence cases, representation of women in truth-telling bodies, etc.), since gender often remains an overlooked and silenced aspect in such initiatives. Gendered narratives of transitional justice often do not fit into the wider narratives of post-war reconciliation. A more general question addressed in this research is whether the lack of formal procedure in truth commissions facilitates or hinders examination of sexual crimes in transitional settings.

Keywords: transitional justice, truth commissions, post-conflict resolution, gender-based violence, reconciliation

Topics: Gender, Justice, Transitional Justice, TRCs, Post-Conflict, Sexual Violence Regions: Africa, Southern Africa, Americas, South America Countries: Brazil, South Africa

Year: 2019

O Papel da Mulher na Luta pela Terra. uma Questão de Gênero e/ou Classe?


Valenciano, Renata Cristiane, and Antonio Thomaz Júnior. 2002. "O Papel da Mulher na Luta pela Terra. uma Questão de Gênero e/ou Classe?" Scripta Nova, Revista Electrónica de Geografía y Ciencias Sociales 6 119 (26). 

Authors: Renata Cristiane Valenciano, Antonio Thomaz Júnior


Pretendemos neste projeto de pesquisa, compreender a inserção e ação da mulher na luta pela terra, e priorizar a especificidade do embate existente entre as três dimensões que a mulher internaliza: enquanto provedora da força de trabalho e da família. Enquanto trabalhadora, no cotidiano da lavra, e na militância política. Mais especificamente põe-se a apreender as manifestações específicas que as mulheres estão apresentando, no raio organizativo do MST, através dos Coletivos de Gênero, das decisões e propostas de trabalho deliberadas, bem como seus desdobramentos, sendo que os Coletivos de Gênero ganham em abrangência e magnitude, tendo em vista privilegiar nas pautas de discussões, não somente a questão da exploração da mulher trabalhadora, os preconceitos, a violência, mas, sobretudo a emancipação de classe.

We intended in this research project, to understand the insert and the woman's action in the fight for the earth, and to prioritize the specific of the existent collision among the three dimensions that the woman internalize: while supplying of the manpower and of the family. While worker, in the daily of the plowing, and in the political militancy. More specifically he/she begins to apprehend the specific manifestations that the women are presenting, in the ray of organization of MST, through the Buses of Gender, of the decisions and work proposals deliberated, as well as your unfoldings, and the Buses of Gender win in inclusion and magnitude, tends in view to privilege in the lines of discussions, not only the subject of the hard-working woman's exploration, the prejudices, the violence, but, above all the class emancipation.

Keywords: trabalhadora rural, luta pela terra, gênero, classe, rural worker, land struggle, gender, class

Topics: Class, Conflict, Resource Conflict, Gender, Women, Livelihoods, Rights, Land Rights Regions: Americas, South America Countries: Brazil

Year: 2002

Women’s Perspective in Pedestrian Mobility Planning: The Case of Brasília


Souza, A. C. S., L. Bittencourt, and P. W. G. Taco. 2018. “Women’s Perspective in Pedestrian Mobility Planning: The Case of Brasília.” Transportation Research Procedia 33: 131-8.

Authors: A. C. S Souza, L. Bittencourt, P. W. G. Taco


Women’s perspective in pedestrian mobility planning, the central theme of this article, not only aggregates infrastructure and transportation planning, but also cultural issues. This emphasizes the need for urban planners and managers to discuss transport, urban planning, amongst other cross-sectional and systemic themes, recognizing the increasing relevance of addressing gender studies in the urban dynamics of cities.

This paper’s central aim is to perceive, in the context of a planned city like Brasília, in Brazil, pedestrian women’s perspective on the city’s infrastructural and cultural issues, in order to start a discussion on the relationship between women as pedestrians and their territory. This research draws from a study that uses part of the database developed by Adriana Souza. This database was compiled from a questionnaire distributed online in Brazil. In the Federal District, case study of this paper, the questionnaire obtained answers from 233 participants from 18 Administrative Regions. The goal here was to develop a qualitative method analysis regarding the quality of the urban environment from the point of view of local women.

The study’s findings revealed that what makes a woman change her path, regardless of where she walks, is the exclusive presence of men in public space, which leaves her insecure. Consequently, it becomes even more natural to conclude that, regardless of cultural, ethnic, social, or age issues, society continues to oppress women in public space, since they still do not find conditions for their autonomy.

Keywords: women studies, walkabaility, travel behavior, pedestrian policy


Topics: Gender, Women, Infrastructure, Urban Planning Regions: Americas, South America Countries: Brazil

Year: 2018

Gendered Waters: The Participation of Women in the ‘One Million Cisterns’ Rainwater Harvesting Program in the Brazilian Semi-Arid Region


de Moraes, Andrea Ferreira Jacques, and Cecilia Rocha. 2013. “Gendered Waters: The Participation of Women in the ‘One Million Cisterns’ Rainwater Harvesting Program in the Brazilian Semi-Arid Region.” Journal of Cleaner Production 60 (December): 163–9.

Authors: Andrea Ferreira Jacques de Moraes, Cecilia Rocha


Women, especially in developing countries, are often responsible for managing water at the household level. However, they are rarely represented in bodies that decide on water management, and they hardly play a role in the implementation of projects to increase water access. While the need for enhanced gender equity in water management is acknowledged in the international development discourse, the complexities of implementing it are poorly understood. This article presents a qualitative case study of women participation in the Program ‘One Million Cisterns’ in the Brazilian Semi-Arid region, to illustrate the promise and the challenges of bringing about women's participation and empowering. The case study shows that women not only derived significant material benefits from the program (access to water), they also acquired roles and responsibilities - as cistern builders and as members of local water commissions - that traditionally had been reserved for men. Key for this transformational process, we argue, was the role played by local feminist NGOs and social movements who helped rural women create new spaces for social inclusion in water development.

Keywords: water management, gender and development, Latin America, Brazil, women and water, gender inequality, Rainwater harvesting

Topics: Development, Gender, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equity, Governance, Households, Infrastructure, Water & Sanitation, Livelihoods, NGOs Regions: Americas, South America Countries: Brazil

Year: 2013

Mulheres rurais: tecendo novas relações e reconhecendo direitos


Sales, Celecina de Maria Veras. 2007. “Mulheres rurais: tecendo novas relações e reconhecendo direitos.” Estudos Feministas 15 (2): 437-43.

Author: Celecina de Maria Veras Sales


A presença das mulheres rurais na produção agrícola familiar é um fato. Mesmo na invisibilidade, não se pode negar que elas estão ocupando terras, plantando, colhendo, e cultivando o desejo de ter uma terra livre e usufruí-la com seu trabalho. Presentes na casa, no quintal, na roça e na luta pela terra, as mulheres tiveram ainda de lutar pelo direito de serem reconhecidas como trabalhadoras. A emergência das mulheres rurais nos movimentos sociais proporcionou seu aparecimento como sujeito político, rompendo sua invisibilidade como trabalhadora. Nesse aprendizado e experimentação as mulheres rurais criaram seu próprio movimento, consolidado na década de 1980. Desde então realizam encontros nacionais, marchas e campanhas, criaram coletivos de mulheres e conquistaram direitos. Os Coletivos de Mulheres estão vinculados à Federação de Trabalhadores da Agricultura do Ceará (FETRAECE) ou ao Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra (MST) e constituem espaços importantes de ressignificação das atividades produtivas das mulheres.

Keywords: mulher rural, participação política, grupos produtivos, movimentos sociais rurais

Topics: Political Participation, Rights, Land Rights Regions: Americas, South America Countries: Brazil

Year: 2007

Mulheres em áreas rurais nas regiões norte e nordeste do Brasil


Cordeiro, Rosineide de LM, and Russel Parry Scott. 2007. “Mulheres em áreas rurais nas regiões norte e nordeste do Brasil.” Revista Estudos Feministas 15 (2): 419–23.

Authors: Rosineide de LM Cordeiro , Russel Parry Scott

Topics: Rights, Land Rights Regions: Americas, South America Countries: Brazil

Year: 2007


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