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International Tribunals & Special Courts

Taking Machismo to Court: The Gender Jurisprudence of the Colombian Constitutional Court

Citation:

Morgan, Martha I. 1999. "Taking Machismo to Court: The Gender Jurisprudence of the Colombian Constitutional Court." The University of Miami Inter-American Law Review 30 (2): 253-342.

Author: Martha I. Morgan

Topics: Gender, Justice, International Tribunals & Special Courts Regions: Americas, South America Countries: Colombia

Year: 1999

Rethinking the Spoils of War: Prosecuting Rape as a War Crime in the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

Citation:

Coan, Christin B. 2001. “Rethinking the Spoils of War: Prosecuting Rape as a War Crime in the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia.” North Carolina Journal of International Law and Commercial Regulation 26 (1): 183-237.

Author: Christin B. Coan

Topics: Gender, Justice, International Tribunals & Special Courts, War Crimes, Sexual Violence, Rape Regions: Europe, Balkans Countries: Yugoslavia (former)

Year: 2001

Women’s International Tribunal on Japanese Military Sexual Slavery

Citation:

Chinkin, Christine M. 2001. “Women’s International Tribunal on Japanese Military Sexual Slavery.” The American Journal of International Law 95 (2): 335-41. doi:10.2307/2661399.

Author: Christine M. Chinkin

Topics: Gender, Women, Justice, International Tribunals & Special Courts, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Militaries, Sexual Violence, Sexual Slavery Regions: Asia, East Asia Countries: Japan

Year: 2001

International Protection for the Victims of Sexual Violence in Conflict?

Citation:

Freedman, Jane. 2009. “International Protection for the Victims of Sexual Violence in Conflict?” Paper presented at the International Studies Association’s 50th Annual Convention, New York, February 15.

Author: Jane Freedman

Annotation:

Despite the recognition of rape as a war crime by international policy-making organisations and international criminal tribunals,  it is still difficult for the victims of rape during wars to access national and international protection or reparation.

Topics: Armed Conflict, International Law, International Organizations, Justice, International Tribunals & Special Courts, Reparations, War Crimes, Sexual Violence

Year: 2009

Rape at Rome: Feminist Interventions in the Criminalization of Sex Related Violence in Positive International Criminal Law

Citation:

Halley, Janet. 2008. “Rape at Rome: Feminist Interventions in the Criminalization of Sex Related Violence in Positive International Criminal Law.” Michigan Journal of International Law 30: 1–123.

Author: Janet Halley

Topics: Feminisms, Gender, Women, International Law, International Criminal Law, Justice, International Tribunals & Special Courts, Sexual Violence

Year: 2008

Gender-Based Crimes under the Draft Statute for the Permanent International Criminal Court

Citation:

Erb, Nicole Eva. 1998. “Gender-Based Crimes under the Draft Statute for the Permanent International Criminal Court.” Columbia Human Rights Law Review 29: 401–35.

Author: Nicole Eva Erb

Topics: Gender, Women, Gender-Based Violence, International Law, International Criminal Law, Justice, International Tribunals & Special Courts, Rights, Human Rights, Women's Rights

Year: 1998

Breaking the Silence: Rape as an International Crime

Citation:

Ellis, Mark. 2006. “Breaking the Silence: Rape as an International Crime.” Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law 38 (2): 225–47.

Author: Mark Ellis

Abstract:

The article focuses on the advancement of the crime of rape as an international crime through the ad hoc Tribunals for Yugoslavia and Rwanda. The concept of rape as an international crime has been defined as a crime of genocide, a crime against humanity, and a war crime. The legal development of rape came in 1949, when rape and assault were included in the Geneva Conventions. Furthermore, the International Criminal Court conduct a diverse out-reach campaign for victims of sexual violence.

Topics: Gender, Justice, Crimes against Humanity, International Tribunals & Special Courts, War Crimes, Sexual Violence, Rape Regions: Africa, Central Africa, East Africa, Europe, Balkans Countries: Rwanda, Yugoslavia (former)

Year: 2006

Rape as a Crime in International Humanitarian Law: Where to from Here?

Citation:

Dixon, Rosalind. 2002. “Rape as a Crime in International Humanitarian Law: Where to from Here?” European Journal of International Law 13 (3): 697–719.

Author: Rosalind Dixon

Abstract:

This article examines recent developments in the prosecution of crimes of sexual violence under international law. The author suggests that these developments are driven by the dual imperatives of a feminist ‘re‐order’ project — which seeks to reconstitute the international order free of sexual violence — and the imperative of recognition for victims of crimes of sexual violence. She argues, however, that by itself, a system of international criminal prosecution will be inadequate to meet the imperative of recognition for victims. She relies in this respect on research on the experiences of victims in national criminal justice systems, on the growing trend towards victims of crimes of sexual violence seeking redress in ‘transnational’ civil forums, and an analysis of the constraints of the international prosecution process. The article goes on to argue that the concept of international ‘justice’ for crimes of sexual violence needs to be expanded, beyond even those embodied in the ICTY or Rome Statutes, to include primary and not simply ancillary civil forums for the granting of ‘restitution.’  The author proposes a system of international victims' compensation, and makes preliminary suggestions for the features such a system should have. She further argues that, ultimately, this system will produce a parallel jurisprudence of ‘recognition’ which will eventually ‘act back’ on the discourses of international criminal prosecutions and the imperatives of an order/re‐order project.

Topics: Feminisms, Gender, International Law, International Criminal Law, International Humanitarian Law IHL, Justice, International Tribunals & Special Courts, Reparations, War Crimes, Sexual Violence, Rape

Year: 2002

Sexual Assault of Men in War

Citation:

Carlson, Eric Stener. 1997. “Sexual Assault of Men in War.” The Lancet 349: 129.

Author: Eric Stener Carlson

Topics: Gender, Men, International Law, Justice, International Tribunals & Special Courts, War Crimes, Sexual Violence, SV against men Regions: Europe, Balkans Countries: Yugoslavia (former)

Year: 1997

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