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Central America

La Carrera de las Niñas en los Grupos Guerrilleros y Paramilitares en Colombia: un Estudio desde el Punto de Vista del Agente

Citation:

Carmona Parra, Jaime Alberto, Florentino Moreno Martín, and Felipe Tobón Hoyos. 2011. “La Carrera de las Niñas en los Grupos Guerrilleros y Paramilitares en Colombia: un Estudio desde el Punto de Vista del Agente.” Doctoral thesis, Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

Authors: Jaime Alberto Carmona Parra, Florentino Moreno Martín, Felipe Tobón Hoyos

Topics: Armed Conflict, Civil Wars, Civil Society, Combatants, Child Soldiers, Gender, Girls, Boys, Gender Roles, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Hierarchies, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Non-state armed groups, Political Participation, Violence Regions: Americas, Central America, South America Countries: Colombia

Year: 2011

Acción Colectiva, Violencia Política y Género: el Análisis de las Organizaciones Insurgentes Político-militares en Colombia: el Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN) Actor de Referencia

Citation:

Rodríguez Pizarro, Alba Nubia. 2009. “Acción Colectiva, Violencia Política y Género: el Análisis de las Organizaciones Insurgentes Político-militares en Colombia: el Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN) Actor de Referencia.” PhD Thesis, Madrid: Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

Author: Alba Nubia Rodríguez Pizarro

Abstract:

El objetivo de este trabajo es contribuir al conocimiento de los actores del conflicto armado (organizaciones político-militares) y a la discusión sobre la confrontación armada en Colombia, a partir del análisis de la construcción social y cultural de un actor colectivo insurgente que emplea la violencia como medio de acción y que ha estado inmerso en el conflicto armado de larga duración que se vive en el país desde hace aproximadamente cinco décadas. La construcción social y cultural de los actores y sus acciones implica individuos en relación (hombres y mujeres), por tanto la perspectiva de género se convirtió en un enfoque transversal a la indagación y al análisis de los procesos que subyacen a la construcción social y cultural del actor de referencia. (E-prints Universidad Complutense de Madrid)

Topics: Armed Conflict, Civil Wars, Civil Society, Combatants, Female Combatants, Male Combatants, Displacement & Migration, Gender, Women, Men, Girls, Boys, Masculinity/ies, Gender Roles, Femininity/ies, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Hierarchies, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Non-state armed groups, Political Participation, Violence Regions: Americas, Central America, South America Countries: Colombia

Year: 2009

Domestic violence prevention through the Constructing Violence-free Masculinities programme: an experience from Peru

Citation:

Mitchell, Rhoda. 2013. “Domestic violence prevention through the Constructing Violence-free Masculinities programme: an experience from Peru.” Gender and Development, 21 (1): 97-109.

Author: Rhoda Mitchell

Abstract:

This paper examines work undertaken with male perpetrators of violence in the Construction of Violence-free Masculinities, a project run by the Centro Mujer Teresa de Jesus, a Women’s Centre located in a poor peri-urban district of Lima, Peru, in conjunction with Oxfam-Quebec. Centre staff faced the challenge of how to work with men who are violent towards their intimate partners. They use a community education approach, to challenge powerful stereotypes about gender roles, to question men’s assumed dominance over women, and support men to construct new forms of masculinity, without violence. Ultimately, the programme seeks to modify and change the beliefs, values, attitudes, and behaviours of men who are aggressors.

Keywords: masculinity, Intimate partner violence, domestic violence, men's groups

Topics: Armed Conflict, Civil Wars, Ethnic/Communal Wars, Domestic Violence, Education, Gender, Women, Men, Girls, Boys, Masculinity/ies, Gender Roles, Gender Analysis, Gender Balance, Gender-Based Violence, Gendered Power Relations, Patriarchy, Gender Hierarchies, Gender Equality/Inequality, Gender Equity, Masculinism, Households, NGOs, Nonviolence, Sexual Violence, Male Perpetrators, Rape, SV against women, Sexuality, Violence Regions: Americas, Central America, South America Countries: Peru

Year: 2013

Messing with Gender in Feminist Political Ecology

Citation:

Mollett, Sharlene, and Caroline Faria. 2013. “Messing with Gender in Feminist Political Ecology.” Geoforum 45 (March): 116–25.

Authors: Sharlene Mollett , Caroline Faria

Abstract:

Feminist political ecology (fpe) is at a crossroads. Over the last 2 years, feminist political ecologists have begun to reflect on and debate the strengths of this subfield. In this article, we contribute by pointing to the limited theorization of race in this body of work. We argue that fpe must theorize a more complex and messier, notion of ‘gender’, one that accounts for race, racialization and racism more explicitly. Building on the work of feminist geography and critical race scholarship, we argue for a postcolonial intersectional analysis in fpe – putting this theory to work in an analysis of race, gender and whiteness in Honduras. With this intervention we demonstrate how theorizing race and gender as mutually constituted richly complicates our understanding of the politics of natural resource access and control in the Global South.
 

Keywords: feminist political ecology, race, whiteness, postcolonial intersectionality

Topics: Coloniality/Post-Coloniality, Environment, Feminisms, Gender, Women, Masculinity/ies, Gender Roles, Femininity/ies, Gendered Power Relations, Race Regions: Americas, Central America Countries: Honduras

Year: 2013

Women and Artisanal Mining: Gender Roles and the Road Ahead

Citation:

Hinton, Jennifer, Marcello M. Veiga, and Christian Beinhoff. 2003. “Women and Artisanal Mining: Gender Roles and the Road Ahead.” In The Socio-Economic Impacts of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining in Developing Countries, edited by G Hilson and A Balkema. Netherlands: Swets Publishers.

Authors: Jennifer Hinton, Marcello M Veiga, Christian Beinhoff

Annotation:

“In many locales, women function in multiple capacities. For instance, a women working as a panner may also obtain income as a sex trade worker and a cook.” (Hinton et. all, 2003, p. 2).

This article takes care to compare the situations of female miners in Africa, Asia and South/Latin America. In terms of percentage of artisanal miners who are female: Asia < South/Latin America < Africa

“In Guinea, although women undertake the same labour as men, inequities in pay (men are paid four times more for the same quantity of gold) often leads to a “troc”, or trade of sex for additional money or gold (USAID, 2000)” (p. 8).

“Although the chemical dangers, in particular, those associated with mercury and cyanide misuse, first come to mind, most occupational hazards are a consequence of poor physical conditions, such as ground failure, shaft collapses and machinery accidents” (p. 9).

Because of their involvement with the processing aspect of mining, women are at greater risk of chemical dangers and side effects.

“Chronic exposure to moderate levels of methylmercury results in symptoms including: visual constriction; numbness of the extremities; impairment of hearing; impairment of speech; and impairment of gait. In cases of acute intoxication, muscular atrophy, seizures and mental disturbance are prominent. Women of childbearing age and their children are particularly susceptible  as methylmercury readily crosses placental barriers and is considered to be a developmental toxicant (Grandjean, 1999). Depending on the frequency and degree of exposure, effects can range from sterility, and spontaneous abortion, to mild to severe neurological symptoms” (p. 11).

Importance of land rights and access to land in controlling, and thus benefiting from, commodities on that land.

“In a detailed study of gender and technology (Evert, 1998), it was found that interventions did not benefit women when: the ‘improvements’ were not more convenient and accessible than traditional sources or activities (e.g. clean water wells), modifications were directed towards commercial uses (e.g. development of forests for resale when fodder needs were not being met), and technologies were generally inappropriate (e.g. ‘improved’ stoves that did not consider the cultural value” (p. 23).

PDF includes a slide show presentation entitled “Women and Artisanal and Small Scale Mining: A Review of Roles and Issues” given by the author at the University of British Columbia. 

Topics: Development, Economies, Economic Inequality, Poverty, Extractive Industries, Gender, Women, Gender Roles, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, Governance, Health, Livelihoods, Rights, Land Rights, Women's Rights Regions: Africa, Americas, Central America, South America, Asia

Year: 2003

Poder e Igualdade: as relações de gênero entre sindicalistas rurais de Chapecó, Santa Catarina

Citation:

Boni, Valdete. 2004. "Poder e Igualdade: as relações de gênero entre sindicalistas rurais de Chapecó, Santa Catarina." Estudos Feministas, 12: 289-302.

Author: Valdete Boni

Abstract:

PORTUGUESE ABSTRACT:

A participação das mulheres na direção dos sindicatos, incluindo o Sindicato de Trabalhadores Rurais, tem aumentado nos últimos anos. O movimento sindical rural, historicamente masculino, não aceitava mulheres associadas até início dos anos 1980. Hoje, as mulheres vêm ocupando cargos nas direções executivas, o que não significa que os sindicatos tenham mudado suas práticas discriminatórias. Neste texto analiso as relações de gênero e poder que envolvem homens e mulheres dirigentes no oeste do estado de Santa Catarina. Mesmo com a abertura do espaço sindical para as mulheres e a instauração da cota mínima de 30% de participação feminina estabelecida pela CUT, não há muitas mulheres nos cargos de direção. Elas ficam ‘escondidas’ nos quadros de apoio, ou não participam igualmente, já que o sindicato não evoluiu quanto às suas práticas cotidianas, ainda discriminatórias. É uma batalha constante aliar reivindicações de classe à busca por igualdade de gênero e poder. Às vezes, as mulheres precisam escolher uma das bandeiras.

ENGLISH ABSTRACT:

The participation of the women in the direction of the unions, including Agricultural Workers, has increased in recent years. Until the 80’s, the agricultural syndical movement, specially male, did not accept women associates. Nowadays, women are occupying positions in the executive directory but it does not mean that the unions have changed its pratical discriminatory. This paper presents an analysis concernig gender and power, i.e., a relation between men and women leadership in the west of Santa Catarina State. In spite of improving their participation in the unions and to be established by CUT that 30% of the minimum quota should be women, there are not enough women in the directory positions. They are effectly ocuppying administrative positions or they do not participate equally since the union did not improve its discriminatory participation. It is a frequently war to combine class claims and the search of equality and power gender. Sometimes, they have to choose one claim.

Keywords: gênero, sindicalismo, empoderamento

Topics: Civil Society, Feminisms, Gender, Women, Men, Masculinity/ies, Gender Roles, Gender Analysis, Femininity/ies, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Hierarchies, Gender Equality/Inequality, Governance, Political Participation, Rights, Land Rights, Property Rights, Women's Rights Regions: Americas, Central America, South America Countries: Brazil

Year: 2004

Plano Nacional de Politicas para as Mulheres

Citation:

Presidência da República. 2013. Plano Nacional de Politicas para as Mulheres. Brasilia D.F: Plano Nacional de Politicas para as Mulheres.

Author: Secretaria de Políticas para as Mulheres – Presidência da República

Topics: Civil Society, Development, Economies, Economic Inequality, Education, Gender, Women, Men, Girls, Boys, Gender Roles, Gender Analysis, Gender-Based Violence, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Hierarchies, Gender Equality/Inequality, Governance, Health, Political Participation, Rights, Land Rights, Property Rights, Women's Rights Regions: Americas, Central America, South America Countries: Brazil

Year: 2013

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