World Views in Peace Building: A Post-Conflict Reconstruction Challenge in Cambodia

Citation:

Gellman, Mneesha. 2010. “World Views in Peace Building: A Post-Conflict Reconstruction Challenge in Cambodia.” Development in Practice 20 (1): 85–98. doi:10.1080/09614520903436984.

Author: Mneesha Gellman

Abstract:

ENGLISH ABSTRACT

This article explores post-conflict reconstruction in Cambodia through an analysis of both the dangers of liberal peace building and the positive role that training in capacity building plays in war-torn societies. The central question addressed is how insider–outsider dynamics influence Cambodia’s post-conflict reconstruction projects; and what assumptions do international workers and Cambodian NGO staff make about ‘the good life’ that will be constructed? The article offers an overview of Cambodia’s history and cultural context to situate its analysis of liberal peace building and foreign donors, as well as the behavioural characteristics of international peace builders operating within Cambodia. It assesses the potency of elite capture of insider–outsider partnership, specific NGO management practices, and the role of gender to better illuminate the challenges for post-conflict reconstruction. The article concludes with recommendations for improving future partnerships between insiders and outsiders in Cambodian peace-building projects.

FRENCH ABSTRACT

Cet article traite de la reconstruction post-conflit au Cambodge a` travers une analyse des dangers de la construction de la paix selon des principes libe´raux d’une part et, d’autre part, du roˆle positif que la formation en renforcement des capacite´s joue dans les socie´te´s de´chire´es par la guerre. La question centrale traite´e ici est : comment la dynamique entre les entite´s internes et externes influence-t-elle les projets post-reconstruction cambodgiens et quelles suppositions les travailleurs internationaux et le personnel d’ONG cambodgiennes font-ils sur ‘la bonne vie’ qui sera construite? Cet article comporte une vue d’ensemble du contexte historique et culturel du Cambodge afin de situer mon analyse de la construction de la paix libe´rale et des bailleurs de fonds e´trangers, ainsi que des caracte´ristiques comportementales des entite´s internationales qui construisent la paix au sein meˆme du Cambodge. J’e´value la puissance de l’accaparation par les e´lites des partenariats internes-externes, les pratiques de gestion propres aux ONG et le roˆle du genre afin de mieux mettre en relief les de´fis de la reconstruction post-conflit. L’article se conclut par des recommandations en vue de l’ame´lioration des partenariats futurs entre les entite´s internes et externes dans les projets cambodgiens de construction de la paix.

PORTUGUESE ABSTRACT

Este artigo explora a reconstruc¸a˜o no po´s-conflito do Camboja atrave´s de uma ana´lise dos perigos da construc¸a˜o da paz liberal e o papel positivo que o treinamento em capacitac¸a˜o desempenha nas sociedades arrasadas pela guerra. A questa˜o central abordada e´ como as dinaˆmicas internas–externas influenciam os projetos de reconstruc¸a˜o no po´s-conflito do Camboja; e quais pressupostos os trabalhadores internacionais e funciona´rios de ONG cambojanas adotam sobre ‘a boa vida’ que sera´ construı´da? O artigo oferece minha visa˜o geral sobre o contexto histo´rico e cultural do Camboja para situar a ana´lise de construc¸a˜o da paz liberal e doadores estrangeiros, assim como caracterı´sticas comportamentais de implementadores internacionais da paz que esta˜o atuando dentro do Camboja. Eu avalio a capacidade de obtenc¸a˜o de parceria interna-externa da elite, pra´ticas de gesta˜o de ONGs especı´ficas e o papel da questa˜o de geˆnero para melhor iluminar os desafios para a reconstruc¸a˜o no po´s-conflito. O artigo conclui com recomendac¸o˜es para se melhorar as parcerias futuras entre agentes internos e externos nos projetos de construc¸a˜o da paz do Camboja.

SPANISH ABSTRACT

Este ensayo examina la reconstruccio´n durante la etapa de posconflicto en Camboya analizando los riesgos de la construccio´n de la paz y la importancia del fortalecimiento de capacidades en sociedades devastadas por la guerra. La interrogante es ¿co´mo influye la dina´mica interior-exterior en los proyectos de reconstruccio´n durante el posconflicto en Camboya y co´mo suponen los funcionarios internacionales y el personal de las ONG camboyanas que debe ser ‘la buena vida’ a construir? Este ensayo revisa el contexto histo´rico y cultural de Camboya como marco de referencia para analizar la construccio´n de la paz en el paı´s. La autora evalu´a co´mo las e´lites pueden cooptar las alianzas nacionales e internacionales, ciertas pra´cticas administrativas de las ONG y el enfoque de ge´nero, mostrando posibles retos para ası´ ejemplificar los desafı´os de la reconstruccio´n durante el posconflicto. El ensayo concluye con recomendaciones para mejorar futuras alianzas entre organizaciones nacionales y extranjeras en los proyectos de construccio´n de paz en Camboya.

Keywords: aid, conflict, reconstruction, gender, diversity, East Asia

Topics: Armed Conflict, Gender, NGOs, Peacebuilding, Post-Conflict, Post-Conflict Reconstruction Regions: Asia, Southeast Asia Countries: Cambodia

Year: 2010

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