Why is Development Work so Straight? Heteronormativity in the International Development Industry

Citation:

Jolly, Susie. 2011. “Why Is Development Work so Straight? Heteronormativity in the International Development Industry.” Development in Practice 21 (1): 18–28. doi:10.1080/09614524.2011.530233.

Author: Susie Jolly

Abstract:

ENGLISH ABSTRACT

International development work has both reinforced and challenged inequalities related to sexuality and gender. The concept of heteronormativity is a promising frame for understanding these dynamics. This article starts with a description of the history of the concept and an exploration of its possible applications. It goes on to consider heteronormativity in development work, in relation to three areas in which struggles based on sex and gender orders have been most visible: in household models and family forms; HIV/AIDS; and efforts to combat violence against women.

FRENCH ABSTRACT

Le travail international de développement a à la fois renforcé et mis en cause les inégalités liées à la sexualité et au genre. Le concept d’hétéronormativité constitue un cadre prometteur pour comprendre cette dynamique. Cet article commence par une description de l’histoire du concept et une étude de ses applications possibles. Il traite ensuite de l’hétéronormativité dans le travail de développement, par rapport à trois domaines dans lesquels les luttes basées sur les ordres du sexe et du genre ont été les plus visibles: dans les modèles de ménages et les formes familiales; le VIH/le sida; et les efforts en vue de lutter contre la violence à l’encontre des femmes.

SPANISH ABSTRACT

O trabalho de desenvolvimento internacional tem ao mesmo tempo reforc¸ado e desafiado as desigualdades relativas a` sexualidade e ao geˆnero. O conceito de heteronormatividade e´ uma estrutura promissora para se compreender essas dinaˆmicas. Este artigo inicia com uma descric ¸a˜o da histo´ria do conceito e uma explorac¸a˜o de suas possı´veis aplicac¸o˜es. Em seguida ele avalia a heteronormatividade no trabalho de desenvolvimento em relac¸a˜o a treˆs a´reas nas quais as lutas baseadas nas a´reas de sexo e geˆnero teˆm sido mais visı´veis: em modelos familiares e formas de famı´lia; HIV/AIDS; e nas esforc¸os para combater a violeˆncia contra as mulheres.

PORTUGUESE ABSTRACT

El trabajo en desarrollo internacional ha incrementado las inequidades relacionadas con la sexualidad y el ge´nero a la vez que las ha combatido. El concepto de heteronormatividadpuede ser u´til como marco analı´tico para comprender esta dina´mica. Este ensayo comienza describiendo la historia del concepto y analizando sus posibles aplicaciones. Tambie´n analiza la heteronormatividad en el trabajo de desarrollo en las tres a´reas donde las luchas basadas en el sexo y en las jerarquı´as de ge´nero son ma´s visibles: los modelos de hogares y las normas familiares; VIH/SIDA; y las luchas contra la violencia hacia las mujeres.

 

Keywords: aid, gender, diversity, Rights, East Asia

Topics: Development, Economies, Gender Mainstreaming, Health, LGBTQ, Sexuality, Violence

Year: 2011

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