Water and Sanitation: A Gender Perspective

Citation:

Poswal, Sangeeta, and Thushara Roy. 2015. “Water and Sanitation: A Gender Perspective.” International Journal of Innovative Research and Development 4 (8): 83-7.

Authors: Sangeeta Poswal, Thushara Roy

Abstract:

According to The Committee of Social, Economic and Cultural Rights, access to water and adequate sanitation are underlying determinants of health, which in turn, is an inclusive right. In our portfolio of economic development and social progress, provision of proper sanitation and drinking water are quintessential requirements, especially when it pertains to women’s health. Proper water availability and better sanitation are indeed reflections of women’s dignity and equity. Absence of proper hygiene and sanitation is the chief cause of reproductive tract infections (RTI) in females where the former is primarily associated with the availability of water. Her personal sanitation and hygiene is neglected with huge gender inequalities in the utilization of the services.      The paper has relied primarily on secondary data to analyse the problem in consideration. For qualitative analysis, a few case studies are incorporated in understanding the gravity of the situation and for deriving inference about the problem. The paper examines the functionality of various government programs in Rajasthan related to water availability and sanitation. It tries to find the gap that pertains in this sphere, where there is divergence between approved, released and actual funds. Thus the government is realising the necessary condition of toilet construction and meeting the sufficient condition of proper water availability remains a crucial issue. The paper tries to focus on the problem of water availability, which adversely affects sanitation practices that result in various health hazards especially with reference to rural women of Rajasthan.      Effort is made to evolve a sanitation model that adapts well to Rajasthan’s social and geographic conditions. Appropriate design and location of sanitation facilities reduces the risk of violence and gender specific health problems. It is essential to understand the needs of women and girls while designing sanitation programs.(Marcelina Albuquerque). Realizing the goal of adequate sanitation and water availability is a consistent social process that requires time and investment.

Topics: Development, Economies, Gender, Women, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, Health, Infrastructure, Water & Sanitation Regions: Asia, South Asia Countries: India

Year: 2015

© 2017 CONSORTIUM ON GENDER, SECURITY & HUMAN RIGHTSLEGAL STATEMENT All photographs used on this site, and any materials posted on it, are the property of their respective owners, and are used by permission. Photographs: The images used on the site may not be downloaded, used, or reproduced in any way without the permission of the owner of the image. Materials: Visitors to the site are welcome to peruse the materials posted for their own research or for educational purposes. These materials, whether the property of the Consortium or of another, may only be reproduced with the permission of the owner of the material. This website contains copyrighted materials. The Consortium believes that any use of copyrighted material on this site is both permissive and in accordance with the Fair Use doctrine of 17 U.S.C. § 107. If, however, you believe that your intellectual property rights have been violated, please contact the Consortium at info@genderandsecurity.org.