War, Women and Health

Citation:

Arcel, Libby Tata, and Marianne C. Kastrup. 2004. “War, Women and Health.” NORA - Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research 12 (1): 40–47. doi:10.1080/08038740410005758.

Authors: Libby Tata Arcel, Marianne C. Kastrup

Abstract:

Wars increasingly target civilian populations and cause severe health problems in those targeted. It also creates a militarization and masculinization of society and exacerbates discrimination against women, for example by intensifying women's exclusion from the public sphere and rendering access to health services more difficult. Sexual violence is a clear example hereof and may take many forms, for example as rape, sexual mutilation, forced abortion, or forced prostitution. The vulnerability of women is related to their social situation as single providers, to their dwelling in refugee camps etc., and their personal security in unsafe settings. All may contribute to an increased risk of abuse with deleterious consequences for their physical and psychological state of health. Physically, this includes complaints of the musculo‐skeletal system, reproductive organs as well as chronic pain conditions. The prevailing psychological manifestations include anxiety, depression, cognitive dysfunction, insomnia and lack of energy. The need for the implementation of international human rights laws is pertinent and provision for protection of the health of women should be guaranteed, including the urgent need for adequate and culturally sensitive care for such women.

Topics: Armed Conflict, Gender, Masculinity/ies, Health, Mental Health, Livelihoods, Sexual livelihoods, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Militarization, Sexual Violence, Rape, Sexual Slavery

Year: 2004

© 2017 CONSORTIUM ON GENDER, SECURITY & HUMAN RIGHTSLEGAL STATEMENT All photographs used on this site, and any materials posted on it, are the property of their respective owners, and are used by permission. Photographs: The images used on the site may not be downloaded, used, or reproduced in any way without the permission of the owner of the image. Materials: Visitors to the site are welcome to peruse the materials posted for their own research or for educational purposes. These materials, whether the property of the Consortium or of another, may only be reproduced with the permission of the owner of the material. This website contains copyrighted materials. The Consortium believes that any use of copyrighted material on this site is both permissive and in accordance with the Fair Use doctrine of 17 U.S.C. § 107. If, however, you believe that your intellectual property rights have been violated, please contact the Consortium at info@genderandsecurity.org.