Unies pour le meilleur et pour le pire. Femmes africaines et villes coloniales: une histoire du métissage

Citation:

Gondola, Ch. Didier. 1997. “Unies pour le meilleur et pour le pire. Femmes africaines et villes coloniales: une histoire du métissage”. Clio. Histoire, femmes et sociétés, 6, en ligne. DOI: 10.4000/clio.377

English: Gondola, Ch. Didier. 1997. “United for the best and the worst. African Women and Colonial cities: history of mixed cultures.” Clio. History, women and societies, 6, online. DOI: 10.4000/clio.377

Author: Ch. Didier Gondola

Abstract:

Une histoire méconnue? Celle des femmes africaines, celle de la ville coloniale, ou plutôt celle du métissage qui a présidé à la rencontre des femmes et des cultures urbaines. Une histoire que l'on ne comprend qu'en prenant la mesure du rôle phare des cultures populaires que les femmes ont investi dès que les lois coloniales leur permirent le droit de cité à Kinshasa, à l'origine un campement pour travailleurs célibataires que l'arrivée des femmes a transformé en espace social métis. Les femmes ont fait la ville (coloniale), façonné de nouveaux styles de vie et permis aux citadins africains de prendre en charge, via la musique, la fête, le mouvement associatif, le petit commerce, un domaine qui avait été conçu par les autorités coloniales comme un laboratoire et un instrument de contrôle social, et aussi politique.

English Abstract:

Widely over looked? underinvestigated? Treated separately, the history of colonial Kinshasa and that of African women have been thoroughly researched. We are hard pressed to find these two histories intertwined, however. The history of both colonial Kinshasa and African women can only be fully understood by referring to the critical role of popular cultures invested by women, when colonial laws permitted them to reside in the city. Due to the migration of women Kinshasa was transformed into a unique social milieu. Women revamped the city and created new lifestyles. They helped African city-dwellers reclaim the usage of the urban milieu via popular music, festive culture, associative movement, and petty trade in order to undermine the social and political control exercised by colonial authorities.

Topics: Civil Society, Coloniality/Post-Coloniality, Displacement & Migration, Migration, Gender, Women Regions: Africa

Year: 1997

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