The Unequal Burden of War: The Effect of Armed Conflict on the Gender Gap in Life Expectancy

Citation:

Plumper, Thomas, and Eric Neumayer. 2006. “The Unequal Burden of War: The Effect of Armed Conflict on the Gender Gap in Life Expectancy.” International Organization 60: 723–54.

Authors: Thomas Plumper, Eric Neumayer

Abstract:

Globally, the consequences of wars are drastic as they are coupled with social, economic and political instability. It is well known to all of us today that thousands of civilians are faced with horrendous physical, mental and psychological pains, and some die from the consequences of the wars that are being fought amidst villages, towns and homes. The violence between the warring faction has not only affected human beings, but has completely destroyed the infrastructure, leaving the population in ill hygienic conditions with no social services to address their plight. The history of impunity that has not been checked by most of our leaders has made the rule of the gun become one of the methods of clinging or/and coming to power. The increasing costs incurred to sustain these cycles of conflict has resulted to decrease in economic production and hence, cutting down on social service budgets. The most affected sector particularly in Africa has been the health sector. This paper is drawn from the experiences of women in situations of armed conflict, as documented by Isis-WICCE, an international women’s organisation that exist to promote women’s human rights by recording and exposing the atrocities committed to women. In addition, Isis-WICCE carries out annual institutes, where women human rights activists from networks worldwide, are facilitated to have adequate skills to record their own stories for advocacy and accountability to women’s human right.

Topics: Armed Conflict, Gender, Women, Health, Rights, Human Rights, Women's Rights

Year: 2006

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