Shifting Gender Roles: an Analysis of Violence Against Women in Post-Conflict Uganda

Citation:

Sengupta, Anasuya, and Muriel Calo. 2016. “Shifting Gender Roles: An Analysis of Violence Against Women in Post-Conflict Uganda.” Development in Practice 26 (3): 285–97. doi:10.1080/09614524.2016.1149151.

Authors: Anasuya Sengupta, Muriel Calo

Abstract:

ENGLISH ABSTRACT

Based on findings from a qualitative study in northern Uganda, this article explores factors leading to gender-based violence (GBV) in the post-conflict African context. The crisis of masculinity becomes crucial to understanding women's vulnerability to GBV. This crisis stems from the trauma of losing one's internal resources – socially constructed identity role and purpose, and one's external resources – wealth and productive assets. We find that armed conflict replaces the positive male identity as household head with a destructive model of masculinity. It is the interaction between negative masculinities and extreme poverty that characterizes the prevalence of GBV in such conditions.

FRENCH ABSTRACT

Sur la base des conclusions d’une étude qualitative menée dans le nord de l’Ouganda, cet article examine les facteurs aboutissant à la violence sexiste dans le contexte africain post-conflit. La crise de la masculinité devient cruciale au moment de comprendre la vulnérabilité des femmes faces à la violence sexiste. Cette crise découle du traumatisme qu’entraîne pour une personne la perte de ses propres ressources internes – identité, rôle et finalité socialement construits, et de ses ressources internes – richesses et biens de production. Nous constatons que le conflit armé remplace l’identité masculine positive de chef de famille par un modèle destructeur de masculinité. C’est l’interaction entre les masculinités négatives et la pauvreté extrême qui caractérise la prévalence de la violence sexiste dans ces conditions.

SPANISH ABSTRACT

Basándose en los hallazgos surgidos de un estudio cualitativo efectuado en el norte de Uganda, el presente artículo examina los factores generadores de violencia basada en el género (vbg) en un contexto africano de posconflicto. Para comprender la vulnerabilidad a que se ven expuestas las mujeres debido a la vbg, la crisis de la masculinidad en este tipo de contexto adquiere un rol crucial. Ésta es consecuencia del trauma generado por la pérdida de recursos internos —roles de identidad y de finalidad construidos socialmente— y de recursos externos —riqueza y activos productivos. En este sentido, las autoras identificaron que el conflicto armado remplaza la positiva identidad masculina como jefe de familia por un modelo de masculinidad destructivo, dando lugar a que, en estas condiciones, prevalezca la VBG generada por la interacción entre las masculinidades negativas y la pobreza extrema.

Keywords: gender, Conflict and Reconstruction, civil society, Sub-Saharan Africa, NGO

Topics: Armed Conflict, Economies, Poverty, Gender, Women, Masculinity/ies, Gender-Based Violence, Post-Conflict, Post-Conflict Reconstruction, Violence Regions: Africa, East Africa Countries: Uganda

Year: 2016

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