Reintegrating Ex-Combatants into Civilian Life: The Case of the Paramilitaries in Colombia

Citation:

Denissen, Marieke. 2010. “Reintegrating Ex-Combatants into Civilian Life: The Case of the Paramilitaries in Colombia.” Peace & Change 35 (2): 328-352.

Author: Marieke Denissen

Abstract:

Since 2003, more than 30,000 combatants of the paramilitary organization United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia have been disarmed and demobilized, and are currently reintegrating into civilian life. As a result of the process, levels of violence in Colombia have dropped significantly. The entity in Colombia responsible for designing and implementing reintegration policies has made progress in several areas since its creation in September 2006. However, there are a number of developments that pose a serious threat to the overall reintegration process, such as the many reports of ex-combatants taking up arms again. For the long-term prospects for peace and social reconstruction, as well as for the constructive involvement of donors willing to invest in the reintegration of ex-combatants into civilian life, it is important to gain insight into the factors that influence the success of reintegration. The factors distinguished in this study are livelihood security, an individual approach to the reintegration of the demobilized, prevention of rearming and new recruitments, involvement of the community, and decentralization of the implementation of reintegration policies.

Topics: Armed Conflict, Civil Wars, Combatants, DDR, Gender, Women, Men, Livelihoods, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Paramilitaries, Post-Conflict, Post-Conflict Reconstruction, Security Regions: Americas, South America Countries: Colombia

Year: 2010

© 2017 CONSORTIUM ON GENDER, SECURITY & HUMAN RIGHTSLEGAL STATEMENT All photographs used on this site, and any materials posted on it, are the property of their respective owners, and are used by permission. Photographs: The images used on the site may not be downloaded, used, or reproduced in any way without the permission of the owner of the image. Materials: Visitors to the site are welcome to peruse the materials posted for their own research or for educational purposes. These materials, whether the property of the Consortium or of another, may only be reproduced with the permission of the owner of the material. This website contains copyrighted materials. The Consortium believes that any use of copyrighted material on this site is both permissive and in accordance with the Fair Use doctrine of 17 U.S.C. § 107. If, however, you believe that your intellectual property rights have been violated, please contact the Consortium at info@genderandsecurity.org.