¿Por Qué Se Vinculan Las Niñas a Los Grupos Guerrilleros Y Paramilitares En Colombia?

Citation:

Moreno Martín, Florentino, Jaime Alberto Carmona Parra, and Felipe Tobón Hoyos. 2010. “¿Por Qué Se Vinculan Las Niñas a Los Grupos Guerrilleros Y Paramilitares En Colombia?” Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología 42 (3): 453–67.

Authors: Florentino Moreno Martín, Jaime Alberto Carmona Parra, Felipe Tobón Hoyos

Abstract:

SPANISH ABSTRACT:

Este trabajo realiza una comparación entre las explicaciones que los investigadores del fenómeno de los niños soldado en Colombia dan de los motivos por los cuales los menores ingresaron a los grupos armados ilegales, con los testimonios de las 21 niñas desmovilizadas en Antioquia durante 2004. Se hizo un análisis de contenido de las investigaciones empíricas y de las sucesivas entrevistas en profundidad en las que participaron las niñas. Existe coincidencia entre niñas e investigadores en la relativa importancia atribuida al maltrato familiar y a la casi nula motivación ideológica, pero se dan diferencias significativas en el mayor peso atribuido por los investigadores a determinismos objetivos como la pobreza, y en la gran importancia atribuida por las menores a elementos lúdicos como el afán de aventura, la diversión y los criterios estéticos.
 
 ENGLISH ABSTRACT:
 
This study seeks to compare the explanations that the researchers of the phenomenon of child soldiers in Colombia give about the motives for which the minors entered the illegal armed groups with the testimonies of 21 demobilized young girls in Antioquia during 2004. An analysis of content was performed of the empiric research and the successive in-depth interviews in which these girls participated. Testimonies between the girls and researchers coincide in the relative importance attributed to family abuse and the almost null ideological motivation, but there are significant differences with respect to the greater weight attributed by the researchers to poverty, and at the same time the desire of minors to have access to leisure activities like the rush for adventure, entertainment, and aesthetic criteria. 

Keywords: infancia, guerrilla, guerra, paramilitarismo, motivación, children, war, guerrilla war, paramilitary, motivation

Topics: Armed Conflict, Civil Wars, Civil Society, Combatants, Child Soldiers, Gender, Girls, Boys, Gender Roles, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Hierarchies, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Non-state armed groups, Political Participation, Violence Regions: Americas, Central America, South America Countries: Colombia

Year: 2010

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