A Perspective on the History of Health and Human Rights: From the Cold War to the Gold War

Citation:

Tarantola, Daniel. 2008. “A Perspective on the History of Health and Human Rights: From the Cold War to the Gold War.” Journal of Public Health Policy 29 (1): 42-53.

Author: Daniel Tarantola

Abstract:

Through the end of the Cold War, public health policies were predominantly shaped and implemented by governments and these same governments committed themselves to meet their obligations for health under international and national laws. The post-Cold War era has witnessed the entry of new actors in public health and the sharing of power and influences with non-state actors, in particular the private sector and interest groups. This article examines the emergence of human rights and the rise of health on the international development agenda as the Cold War was ending. It highlights the convergence of health and human rights in academic and public discourse since the end of the Cold War in a context of political and economic shifts linked to the ongoing economic globalization. It describes opportunities and challenges for greater synergy between health and rights and proposes a role for health practitioners.

Topics: Development, Economies, Globalization, Health, International Organizations, Political Economies, Rights, Human Rights

Year: 2008

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