Neutralidad de Género y Políticas Públicas en las Reformas Agrarias de América Latina

Citation:

León, Magdalena. 2006. "Neutralidad de Género y Políticas Públicas en las Reformas Agrarias de América Latina.", Nómadas, no. 24, 44-52.

Author: Magdalena León

Abstract:

SPANISH ABSTRACT:
Desde la segunda posguerra el enfoque liberal del desarrollo se caracterizó por la neutralidad de género; uno de los efectos fue que la política pública privilegió la familia nuclear. En el caso específico de las reformas agrarias llevadas a cabo en América Latina entre 1960 y 1980, la adopción de este enfoque excluyó a las mujeres rurales como beneficiarias directas del acceso a la tierra. Hoy en día se aprecian cambios en cuanto al género en la política pública, sin embargo la visión de la familia nuclear sigue siendo importante en las acciones dirigidas a las mujeres.
 
PORTUGUESE ABSTRACT:
O enfoque liberal do desenvolvimento do segundo pós-guerra caracterizou-se pela neutralidade de gênero. Isto trouxe para a política pública um privilégio da família nuclear. No caso específico das reformas agrárias realizadas na América Latina de 1960-1980 este enfoque serviu de marco para excluir as mulheres rurais como beneficiárias diretas do acesso à terra. Hoje em dia, apreciam-se mudanças quanto ao gênero na política pública, entretanto a visão da família nuclear segue tendo presença nas ações dirigidas para as mulheres.
 
ENGLISH ABSTRACT:
The liberal perspective on development after World War II was gender neutral, which meant privileging the nuclear family in public policies. In agrarian reforms carried out in Latin America between 1960 and 1980, this approach excluded rural women from becoming direct beneficiaries and thus acquiring access to land. Today there are some public policies that take gender into account, yet the idea of the nuclear family is still present in actions directed towards women.

Keywords: public policies, nuclear family, rural women, agrarian reform, políticas públicas, familia nuclear, mujer rural, reforma agraria

Topics: Civil Society, Gender, Women, Men, Gender Roles, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, Rights, Land Rights, Property Rights, Women's Rights Regions: Americas, Central America, South America

Year: 2006

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