La mujer rural y la reforma agraria en Colombia

Citation:

Deere, Carmen Diana and Magdalena León. 1997. "La mujer rural y la reforma agraria en Colombia", Cuadernos de Desarrollo Rural, no.38-39, 7-23.

Authors: Carmen Diana Deere, Magdalena León

Abstract:

SPANISH ABSTRACT:
Este artículo señala que Colombia sobresale como líder progresista en el contexto latinoamericano, en cuanto a normas legales acerca del acceso de las mujeres a la tierra y sus derechos sobre la misma. Las autoras argumentan las razones por las cuales el acceso directo de las mujeres a la tierra es un tema importante; hacen una revisión de la legislación agraria reciente y del proceso mediante el cual esta fue aprobada; señalan que el papel que desempeñó la Asociación Nacional de Mujeres Campesinas e Indígenas, ANMUCIC, fue crucial para establecer la prioridad que la legislación otorgó tanto a las mujeres jefas de hogar como a la titulación conjunta de la tierra a las parejas. La aplicación de las normas muestra que aunque la ley de reforma agraria de 1994 ha tenido como resultado un aumento del número de mujeres beneficiarias en las adjudicaciones recientes aún falta mucho camino por recorrer para lograr equidad de género. Mas la señalada igualdad debe obtenerse bajo actuales circunstancias muy desfavorables de cruces de violencias, crisis polftica, delegitimación del Estado y concentración de la tierra, como resultado del enriquecimiento ilícito o reforma agraria ilegal.
 
ENGLISH ABSTRACT:
This article proposes that Colombia is the "gender progressive" leader in Latin American with respect to the legal dispositions governing women's access to land and land rights. After establishing why women' s direct access to and property of land is an important issue, the author's review Colombia's recent agrarian legislation and the process which led to its adoption. They argue that the role of Anmucic, the national association of peasant and indigenous women, was critical in the priority which the legislation gives to female heads of household and the joint titling of land couples. In the practice; they find that while the 1.994 agrarian law has resulted in an important increase in the number of wornen beneficiaries by Incorain recent adjudications, much remains to be done to achieve gender equity. Morover, issues of equity for women in access to land are being played out amidst unfavorable background events and issues such as violence from several crosscutting fronts, a political crisis, the delegitimation of the Colombian state and the concentration of land ownership as a result of illicit capital concentration or illegal agrarian reform.

Topics: Civil Society, Gender, Women, Men, Gender Roles, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, Governance, Post-conflict Governance, Households, Rights, Land Rights, Property Rights, Women's Rights Regions: Americas, Central America, South America Countries: Colombia

Year: 1997

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