The Impact of Military Presence in Local Labor Markets on the Employment of Women

Citation:

Booth, Bradford, William W. Falk, David R. Segal, and Mady Wechsler Segal. 2000. “The Impact of Military Presence in Local Labor Markets on the Employment of Women.” Gender and Society 14 (2): 318–32.

Authors: Bradford Booth, William W. Falk, David R. Segal, Mady Wechsler Segal

Abstract:

This article uses Public Use Microsample (PUMS) data drawn from the 1990 census to explore the relationship between military presence, defined as the percentage of the local labor force in the active-duty armed forces, and women's employment and earnings across local labor market areas (LMAs) in the United States. Comparisons of local rates of unemployment and mean women's earnings are made between those LMAs in which the military plays a disproportionate role in the local labor market and those in which military presence is low. Results suggest that women who live in labor market areas with a substantial (5 percent or greater) military presence have, on average, lower annual earnings and higher rates of unemployment than their counterparts who live in nonmilitary LMAs. The argument is made that through the interaction of several socially situated conditions-including gender, family, labor markets, human capital, and place-the military emerges as a source of inequality in labor market out-comes for women working on or around military installations.

Topics: Gender, Women, Livelihoods, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Militaries Regions: Americas, North America Countries: United States of America

Year: 2000

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