How Gendered Is Gender and Development? Culture, Masculinity, and Gender Difference

Citation:

Tripathy, Jyotirmaya. 2010. “How Gendered Is Gender and Development? Culture, Masculinity, and Gender Difference.” Development in Practice 20 (1): 113–21.

Author: Jyotirmaya Tripathy

Abstract:

ENGLISH ABSTRACT

Gender studies in general, and Gender and Development (GAD) in particular, through their belief in a cultural conditioning of gender behaviour, use the idea of 'culture' in a restrictive sense which perpetuates a conceptual difference between men and women, and also between First World and Third World women. There is a tendency among gender experts to magnify the difference between men and women, and categorise them into two radically different realms. This article argues for a gender project based on the idea of culture as lived experience. It approaches gender not as a category of exclusion but as a problematic construct that is constantly restructuring itself.

FRENCH ABSTRACT

Les etudes de genre en general, et de genre et developpement (GED) en particulier, de par leur croyance dans le conditionnement culturel des comportements sexospecifiques, utilisent la culture dans un sens restrictif, ce qui perpetue une difference conceptuelle entre les hommes et les femmes, et egalement entre les femmes des pays industrialises et Celles du Tiers Monde. II existe une tendance parmi les experts du genre ? amplifier la difference entre les hommes et les femmes et ? les categoriser dans deux domaines radicalement differents. Cet article soutient un projet de genre fonde sur Videe de la culture comme une experience vecue et aborde le genre non pas comme une categorie d'exclusion mais comme une construc tion problematique qui ne cesse de se restructurer.

PORTUGUESE ABSTRACT

Os estudos de genero em geral, e Genero e Desenvolvimento (GAD) em particular, apesar de sua crenga em urn condicionamento cultural do comportamento de genero, utilizam a cultura em urn sentido restritivo que perpetua uma diferenga conceitual entre homens e mulheres, e tambem entre mulheres do Primeiro Mundo e do Terceiro Mundo. Existe uma tendencia entre os especialistas de genero de exagerar a diferenga entre homens e mulheres, e classi ficd-los em dois dominios radicalmente diferentes. Este artigo defende um projeto de genero com base na ideia de cultura como experiencia viva, e aborda a quest?o de genero n?o como uma categoria de exclus?o, mas sim uma construg?o problem?tica que estd constante mente se reestruturando.

SPANISH ABSTRACT

En general los estudios sobre genero, y sobre Genero y Desarrollo en particular, utilizan la cultura en un sentido limitado debido a su convicci?n de que existe un condicionamiento cultural en el comp ort amiento de genero. Este hecho perpet?a una diferencia conceptual entre hombres y mujeres, y entre mujeres del Primer Mundo y mujeres del Tercer Mundo. Las expertas en genero tienen a incrementar la diferencia entre hombres y mujeres, y a crear categorias para ellos en dos ?mbitos radicalmente distintos. Este ensayo identifica la necesidad de crear un proyecto de genero basado en la idea de cultura como una experiencia vivencial y en visualizar el genero no como una categona de exclusion sino como una construc ci?n que se recrea constantemente.

Keywords: gender, diversity, methods

Topics: Development, Gender, Women, Gender Analysis

Year: 2010

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