Herança e gênero entre agricultores familiares

Citation:

Carneiro, María José. 2001. "Herança e gênero entre agricultores familiares." Estudos Feministas, 9 (1): 22-55.

Author: María José Carneiro

Abstract:

PORTUGUESE ABSTRACT:

Entender as lógicas de transmissão do patrimônio familiar, particularmente no caso da terra, levando-se conta as diferenças de gênero, exige identificar os distintos papéis reservados ao homem e à mulher na dinâmica de reprodução social. A compreensão de tais lógicas distintas requer que investiguemos os diferentes signficados do patimônio territorial em cada contexto social e cultural. Embora a herança seja baseada na noção de consanguinidade, as regras costumeiras não reconhecem os mesmos direitos para todos os filhos. É precisamente sobre essas diferenças de que trataremos nesse artigo, particularmente no que se diz respeito às distintas práticas derivadas das identidades de gênero. Buscar-se-á entender a lógica das diferentes formas de transmitir a herança e sua relação com a reprodução social de famílias de agricultores familiares em duas regiões distintas: no municipio de Nova Pádua, na região de influência de Caxias do Sul, no estado do Rio Grande do Sul, e na região serrana do estado do Rio de Janeiro, município de Nova Friburgo.
 
 
ENGLISH ABSTRACT:
To understand the rules by which family estates are transmitted among farming families, particularly in the case of land and taking into account gender differences, it is necessary to identify the distinct roles reserved to men and women in the dynamics of social reproduction. The understanding of these distinct logics requires the investigation of the different meanings that the territorial patrimony itself has in each social and cultural context. Although inheritance is based on the notion of shared blood, common law rules do not recognize the same rights for all children. It is precisely these differences that we will deal with in this article, particularly in respect to those differences derived from gender identity. We will be seeking to understand the logic of different forms of transmitting inheritances and their relationship with the social reproduction of farming families in two different regions: in southern Brazil (state of Rio Grande do Sul), among descendants of Italian colonists, and in the mountainous region of the state of Rio de Janeiro, among descendants of Swiss and German colonists.

Keywords: reprodução social, agricultura familiar, herança, identidades de gênero

Topics: Civil Society, Gender, Women, Men, Gender Roles, Gender Analysis, Gendered Power Relations, Patriarchy, Gender Hierarchies, Gender Equality/Inequality, Rights, Land Rights, Property Rights, Women's Rights Regions: Americas, North America, South America Countries: Brazil

Year: 2001

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