Gendering Normative Power Europe: Lessons of the Women, Peace and Security Agenda

Citation:

Guerrina, Roberta, and Katharine A. M. Wright. 2016. “Gendering Normative Power Europe: Lessons of the Women, Peace and Security Agenda.” International Affairs 92 (2): 293–312. doi:10.1111/1468 2346.12555.
 
 
 

 

Authors: Roberta Guerrina , Katharine A.M. Wright

Abstract:

The European Union is seen to operate at the international level by promoting ideas and values, rather than by exerting military or economic power. As a gender actor, the EU has played a key role in the development of formal equality, which is presented as a foundational principle of European integration. It therefore follows that normative power Europe should seek to promote these values in external a airs. This article interrogates the role of the EU as a normative gender actor in relation to its implementation of the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda, set out in UN Security Council Resolution 1325 and related resolutions. Documen- tary analysis will be supplemented by a detailed assessment of speeches and public statements about the role of the EU as a gender actor in external a airs. This data will be used to assess whether there is a disjuncture between the dominant narrative about gender equality as a fundamental value of the EU and the actions of the organization. It will also allow us to assess whether gender mainstreaming is a tool for public diplomacy or has made a significant change to the way the external relations agenda is formulated and implemented. Additionally, the article will draw attention to the institutional obstacles to the EU performing a role as a gender actor in external a airs. It identifies a critical tension between framing the WPS resolutions as an extension of the EU’s equality on the one hand, and under- standing that gender mainstreaming is a mere policy tool in international a airs. In doing so, it highlights how competing institutional demands can ultimately undermine core values (e.g. equality) when they are used instrumentally. 

 

Topics: Development, Gender, Gender Mainstreaming, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, International Organizations, UN Security Council Resolutions on WPS, UNSCR 1325 Regions: Europe

Year: 2016

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