Gender, Energy, and Empowerment: A Case Study of the Rural Energy Development Program in Nepal


Mahat, Ishara. 2011. “Gender, Energy, and Empowerment: A Case Study of the Rural Energy Development Program in Nepal.” Development in Practice 21 (3): 405–20.

Author: Ishara Mahat


Rural women in general, and mountain women in particular, are greatly involved in managing household energy systems in Nepal. Alternative energy technologies have a high potential to reduce women's workloads and improve their health status, as well as increasing efficient energy supply. Interventions in rural energy are primarily aimed at reducing firewood use and increasing economic growth through rural electrification, rather than aiming to reduce human drudgery, especially that of women. Hence, such intervention takes place without considering the needs, roles, interests, and potential of rural women, even though women are the primary users and managers of rural energy resources. This article aims to analyse the gender implications of rural energy technologies in Kavre district, where the Rural Energy Development Program (REDP) has been implemented, especially in terms of saving women's labour and increasing socio-economic opportunities for women.

Keywords: Gender and Diversity, Labour and livelihoods, South Asia

Topics: Gender, Women, Gender Mainstreaming, Health, Infrastructure, Energy, Livelihoods Regions: Asia, South Asia Countries: Nepal

Year: 2011

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