The Fetishization of Sexual Violence in International Security

Citation:

Meger, Sara. 2016. “The Fetishization of Sexual Violence in International Security.” International Studies Quarterly, February, sqw003. doi:10.1093/isq/sqw003.

 

Author: Sara Meger

Abstract:

Recent international relations scholarship tends to view sexual violence, especially rape, as an exceptional—if not aberrant—phenomenon in war and armed conflict. Indeed, it often treats it as the sole form of gender-based violence capable of threatening international peace and security. I challenge the isolation of this particular form of gender violence in the study and governance of international security. I argue that the securitization of sexual violence produced its “fetishization” in international advocacy, policy, and scholarship. The stages of securitization operate as a process of fetishization by first, decontextualizing and homogenizing this violence; second, objectifying this violence; and third, affecting inter-unit relations through the “selling back” of sexual violence to actors involved in conflict. As such, my argument helps specify why securitization fails to adequately address an issue like sexual violence and often results in further retrenchment of disparate power relations.

Topics: Armed Conflict, Gender, Gender-Based Violence, Gendered Power Relations, Governance, Security, Sexual Violence, Violence

Year: 2016

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