Escorting Economies: Networked Journeys, Household Strategies and Resistance

Citation:

Hodgson, Frances. 2012. “Escorting Economies: Networked Journeys, Household Strategies and Resistance.” Research in Transportation Economics 34 (1): 3–10. doi:10.1016/j.retrec.2011.12.010.

Author: Frances Hodgson

Abstract:

This paper is an exploration of strategies used by households to ensure safe journeys for household members. It has been long been argued that women's travel demand is suppressed. There is no doubt that this is an important issue simply on the grounds that women make up one half of the population but it is also timely and pertinent for policy makers and practitioners as legislation at national and international level asserts and legitimates rights to access, safety and security as demonstrated in the European Union's assertion in the 2007 Green Paper that “Every EU citizen should be able to live and move in urban areas with safety and security”. An understanding of social networks, reciprocity and exchange within and between households is integral to our understanding of travel demand. This paper, through an exploration of micro-social practices, identifies competencies and strategies, such as skills of transaction negotiation, scheduling among household members and across households, escorting, social synchronisation and cost sharing in women's travel, which add to our theoretical understanding of household coping strategies and practices to overcome exclusion. This paper brings together contemporary and historical evidence on the strategies and competencies used by women and in households to ensure safe travel for household members. There is a paucity of data on networked practices and resources which impacts on the efficacy of social policy and societal aspirations for sustainability and inclusion.

Keywords: Travel demand, women, Networked practices, access, Safety

Topics: Gender, Women, Gender Roles, Gendered Power Relations, Infrastructure, Transportation, Security, Human Security

Year: 2012

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