Diferenças regionais na reforma agrária brasileira: gênero, direitos à terra e movimentos sociais rurais.

Citation:

Deere, Carmen Diana. 2002. "Diferenças regionais na reforma agrária brasileira: gênero, direitos à terra e movimentos sociais rurais," Estudos Sociedade e Agricultura, 18: 112-146.

Author: Carmen Diana Deere

Abstract:

PORTUGUESE ABSTRACT:

Mesmo que as mulheres tenham conquistado a igualdade formal nos direitos à terra na Constituição Federal de 1988, sua parcela de participação no programa de reforma agrária, se comparada a de outros países da América Latina, continua sendo muito baixa. Além disso, o índice de beneficiárias varia consideravelmente por região e estado. O argumento deste artigo sugere que o índice de mulheres beneficiárias pela reforma agrária esteja vinculado tanto à discriminação particularmente das mulheres chefes de família pelo Incra, como pelo fato de o efetivo direito das mulheres à terra não ser prioridade dos movimentos sociais até fins dos anos 90. No entanto, o papel destes na reforma agrária também variou consideravelmente por região e estado, explicando muito a variação regional daquele índice.
 
ENGLISH ABSTRACT:
Even though women achieved formal equality in land rights in the 1988 Federal Constitution, they represent a much lower share of agrarian reform beneficiaries in Brazil than in other Latin American countries. Moreover, the share of female beneficiaries varies considerably by region and state. In this article, the low share of female reform beneficiaries is attributed both to discrimination, particularly of female household heads, by the agrarian reform institute, as well as to the fact that attaining effective land rights for women was not a priority of any of the rural social movements until the late 1990s. However, the role of the social movements in the agrarian reform also varied considerably by region and state which accounts for much of the regional variation in women’s participation rates.

Keywords: reforma agraria, gênero, movimentos sociais, agrarian reform, gender, social movements

Topics: Civil Society, Feminisms, Gender, Women, Men, Gender Roles, Gender Analysis, Gendered Power Relations, Patriarchy, Gender Hierarchies, Gender Equality/Inequality, Governance, Political Participation, Rights, Land Rights, Property Rights, Women's Rights Regions: Americas, Central America, South America Countries: Brazil

Year: 2002

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