African Mining, Gender, and Local Employment


Kotsadam, Andreas, and Anja Tolonen. 2013. “African Mining, Gender, and Local Employment.” Paper presented at the Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty, Washington, DC, April 8-11.

Authors: Andreas Kotsadam, Anja Tolonen


We use the rapid expansion of mining in Sub-Saharan Africa to analyse local structural shifts and the role of gender. We match 109 openings and 84 closings of industrial mines to survey data for 800,000 individuals and exploit the spatial-temporal variation. With mine opening, women living within 20 km of a mine switch from self-employment in agriculture to working in services or they leave the work force. Men switch from agriculture to skilled manual labor. Effects are stronger in years of high world prices. Mining creates local boom-bust economies in Africa, with permanent effects on women’s labor market participation.

Topics: Development, Economies, Extractive Industries, Gender, Gender Balance, Livelihoods Regions: Africa

Year: 2013

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